Plan For a Longer And Healthier Life
Thanks to advances in canine nutrition and veterinary
medicine, dogs are living longer, healthier lives.
A caring and careful pet owner can help, too.
Because good health doesn't just happen. You have
to have a plan for it. And the best way improve
the length and quality of your companion's life
is by having a plan to provide your pet with a
proper diet, a good exercise program, and regular
Needs of The Adult Dog
Now that your dog has reached adulthood, it's
important for you to be aware that his new activity
level and lifestyle will mean different nutritional
needs. Proper care of your dog from ages one to
seven will also require changes in regular care
and health regimens so that your dog looks and
feels his best.
This information will help you take good care
of your adult dog. The information you need for
a good care plan is right here: the nutritional
needs of the adult dog; what a proper diet includes;
the importance of regular visits to your veterinarian;
diseases and parasites to be aware of; and, most
importantly, the things you can do on a daily
basis to help your pet live a long, happy and
Nutrition management is a major part of every
good health plan. It means providing proper nutrition
to your dog on a daily basis, throughout his entire
lifetime. Nutrition management is essential because
good nutrition affects his whole well-being. As
long as your dog has been vaccinated, good nutrition
strengthens the immune system to help your dog's
body fight infection and speed recovery from illness.
A proper diet may even retard the progression
of some age-related disorders.
In fact, aside from providing regular veterinary
care and exercise, providing a diet that delivers
advanced nutrition is one of the most important
things you can do to help increase your dog's
The best diet for your dog is one that provides
all the nutrients he needs to maintain good health
and ensure long life. Manufacturers of high-quality
commercial foods utilize nutritionists and conduct
in-depth studies to give your dog the complete
and balanced food he needs through life.
To provide the basics in canine nutrition, a dog
1. Be balanced across the more
than 40 critical nutrients for the appropriate
life stage. For a dog food to provide optimum
nutrition, every nutrient must be present in the
correct amount and in the appropriate proportion
to the others. Too little of even one nutrient,
or too much of certain nutrients, can lead to
imbalances that could affect proper development.
2. Have high nutrient utilization.
In order for a dog's body to properly utilize
ingested nutrients, the nutrients in the dog food
must be complete, balanced, and highly digestible.
3. Have great taste. No dog
food, regardless of its nutritional adequacy,
is of any value unless the dog eats it.
Feeding your dog a pet food that meets these basic
guidelines is one way to ensure he will be a healthy
companion for many years.
How to Choose The Right Diet For Your
As an adult, your dog's bones and muscles are
fully developed. Rather than the puppy diet that
helped him grow, he needs a diet that will help
him maintain his health and weight.
selecting the best diet for your adult dog, it
is important to pay attention to the basics -
proper balance of the more than 40 required nutrients,
high nutrient utilization and great taste.
One of the complete and balanced dry or canned
dog foods in the Heinz Pet Products family is
probably the most convenient way to feed your
dog the right diet.
In order to meet your dog's nutritional requirements,
his diet must contain appropriate levels of high-quality
protein and the right amount and type of fat.
It should offer properly balanced minerals and
vitamins, without excess salt.
High-quality protein is needed for proper muscle
tone, tissue repair, and to meet energy requirements.
The right amount of fat is important to ensure
energy without contributing to obesity. The right
type of fat means easier digestibility and correct
fueling of the dog's metabolic process. And high-quality
ingredients and fixed levels of nutrition are
critical because they ensure consistent and proper
Finally, once you decide on the diet that is best
for your dog and most convenient for you to use,
stick to it. Frequent changes will cause digestive
upsets and possible nutritional imbalances.
In order for a diet to provide high nutrient utilization
for the adult dog, it must be highly digestible.
This means that most of the food eaten is efficiently
used by the body with little excreted as waste.
Eating a highly digestible formula helps contribute
to small, firm stools.
High-quality protein is important because it is
both highly digestible and has an amino acid balance
for optimum utilization.
Great taste is one of the most important things
to consider when buying a dog food. After all,
a dog has to eat the food in order to benefit
from its nutritional value. Ideally, the dog food
should have just enough fat to make it palatable
and provide essential fatty acids without adding
Provide plenty of water at all times.
+ 1 cup for every
8 lbs. over
+1 cup for every
19 lbs. over 90
Feeding Your Dog
Most adult dogs do well with one meal per day.
All dogs, regardless of size, need the same nutrients.
Only the amounts will vary.
overfeeding. Use the chart above or the manufacturer's
recommendations on your dog food package as a
guide. But keep in mind that the amount of food
your dog gets may have to be adjusted according
to the individual dog, your own observations and
the climate in which you live (dogs in warmer
climates may require less food).
your dog is moderately active, a regular feeding
schedule using recommended amounts should be sufficient.
However, if he is more active, less active, or
overweight, consult your veterinarian about the
optimum feeding plan to ensure your dog's good
Remember, too, that your dog is a creature of
habit - from the type of food he eats to the time
he eats it, To keep his appetite and bowel movements
regular, it's important to feed him at the same
time each day. If you change to a new food, do
so gradually. Start out by adding a little of
the new food to the old, steadily increasing the
amount of new food until it completely replaces
Fussy eaters usually have been spoiled by getting
tidbits from the table or by "holding out"
for a favorite food, You should never feed your
dog table food. If he is fussy, don't give in.
Be firm and insist that your dog eat the proper
food. Put the food in his dish. If he walks away
from it, remove the dish.
the next regular feeding time, repeat the process.
You aren't starving him. His fast is self-imposed,
and he will eat the food you give him before he
does any harm to himself. Once he does eat, keep
to a regular pattern of feeding and don't give
in-between meal handouts.
Making Water Readily Available
In addition to a proper diet, it is very important
to provide plenty of fresh water for your dog
at all times. Water comprises approximately two-thirds
of a dog's total body weight. Water is not stored
in the body like some other nutrients, so it must
constantly be replaced.
Regular Veterinary Care
It's always better to prevent a problem rather
than treat one. So any basic health care plan
for your dog should include regular visits to
your veterinarian. Regular veterinary care will
identify potential trouble areas and allow early
treatment if it is needed.
Your adult dog should have a thorough physical
examination at least once a year. Your veterinarian
will check for disease, parasites and skin disorders,
as well as any potential eye, ear and dental problems.
You should also keep a health record for your
pet. If you move, or are traveling, knowing what
ailments, treatments and inoculations your dog
has had could be very important.
It's wise to immunize. To protect your pet against
the more common canine diseases, your veterinarian
will set up a vaccination schedule. Since some
of these diseases can be life-threatening, strict
adherence to an ongoing vaccination program should
be kept. A typical program includes:
Yearly DHLPP boosters to prevent distemper, hepatitis,
leptospirosis, parainfluenza, and canine parvovirus.
A rabies booster every one to three years.
Looking Out For Parasites And Lyme Disease
Whether internal or external, parasites can cause
great discomfort for your dog and can lead to
Weight loss, coughing, diarrhea or bloody stools
may indicate the presence of internal parasites.
The five most common internal parasites found
in dogs are coccidia, roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms
and whipworms. If you suspect internal parasites,
take a stool sample to your veterinarian for accurate
diagnosis and effective treatment. Another internal
parasite, heartworms, can only be detected by
If your dog scratches constantly, he may have
fleas or ticks. Ticks appear as small, dark spots
and may feel like bumps on his skin. You can remove
ticks with tweezers and gloves, but ask your veterinarian
how to remove them safely. Check for fleas near
the base of his tail or on his belly. Treatments
include flea collars, powders and sprays, flea
soaps and shampoos.
Treat your pet with one of the on-animal products
such as Hartz® Control Pet Care System® Flea and
Tick Conditioning Shampoo for Dogs.
Lyme disease is carried by certain species
of ticks and causes fever, weakness, recurring
arthritis and even heart problems in dogs. Once
acquired, the disease may be treated successfully,
though prevention is the best form of protection
for your pet. A vaccine against Lyme disease is
now available through your veterinarian.
Just like people, dogs can develop gum disease
brought on by buildup of plaque and tartar on
teeth. Some signs of gum disease include a decreased
appetite, excessive drooling, and very bad breath.
Because a diseased mouth can affect a dog's entire
well-being, you should follow a preventive dental
Have your dog's teeth examined by your veterinarian
once a year and follow his recommendations regarding
dental care at home.
Many people enjoy taking their dog along when
they jog or engage in other types of physical
exercise. If your dog has not been active at this
level in the past, ease him into any type of strenuous
physical exercise gradually. This is no different
than the way that people ease into an exercise
routine when it is new.
Active dogs expend a great deal more energy than
the average pet. It is absolutely vital to provide
food that meets their increased nutritional demands.
The complete and properly balanced dog foods in
the Heinz Pet Products family meet these needs
effectively and place a minimum of stress on the
Advantages of Spaying/Neutering
Many pet owners wonder whether or not to have
their animals spayed or neutered. Studies show
significant health and behavioral benefits can
For females, spaying reduces the risk of uterine
infection or cancer, cuts the risk of mammary
tumors, and eliminates uncomfortable and inconvenient
cyclical heats. For males, neutering stops the
risk of testicular cancer as well as prostate
problems. Neutering can also mean less aggression
with a decreased desire to roam, but only if neutering
occurs prior to these behaviors first being exhibited.
Ways You Can Help Accidents
Treat indoor accidents with patience. Never punish
your dog after the fact, and don't rub his nose
in the stain. These actions will only confuse
him. Instead, praise him when he uses the appropriate
location. When stains do occur, immediately clean
them with a stain remover such as Resolve®* Carpet
Cleaner, which is ammonia-free. Dogs often mistake
the scent of ammonia-based cleaners for urine
and will resoil the area.
After cleanup, use a product such as ARM &
HAMMER® Pet Fresh®* Carpet & Room Deodorizer
to eliminate and destroy residual odors.
Help your dog look and feel his best with regular
grooming and periodic bathing. Gently brush your
pet every few days to keep his coat tangle-free
and his skin healthy. Regular grooming prevents
dandruff by distributing skin oils, and it's an
excellent time to check for fleas, ticks, skin
infections, or ear mites.
Other grooming tips include: occasional bathing
with a mild soap such as a quality dog shampoo;
thorough rinsing with lukewarm water and use of
a cotton ball or soft cloth for the outer portion
of the inside ear.
Basic And Advanced Training
Training your pet is important. It prevents accidents
and injuries to both your dog and people.
Training usually begins no later than age five
to six months with basic commands, such as "come",
"sit", "stay", "down",
and "heel". More complex commands and
obedience training are reserved for more mature
dogs. Advanced training typically includes exercises
such as following hand commands.
Reinforce good conduct using dog treats such as
Meaty Bone® or Pupperoni® as rewards for correct
When you take on the job of training, remember:
be positive (never hit, jerk on the leash or otherwise
treat the dog roughly), be firm, stick to a regular
schedule, remain consistent, stay patient, respond
immediately and end all sessions with a great
deal of praise and love.
Pets love taking trips with their owners and can
become stressed without their owners around. If
your travel plans allow, take your pet along,
but follow these guidelines:
Before a trip, have your pet examined and make
sure vaccinations are current. You also might
want to inquire about the need for pet tranquilizers.
Don't forget dog license, health record, leash,
collar, brush, comb, regular food, food and water
bowls, and favorite playthings.
Check with hotels and motels before you arrive
to make sure pets are allowed.
Here is a listing of the Hollister area hotels
and motels and their pet policies:
110 San Felipe Rd., Hollister, CA
Phone: (408) 637-5761
They accept pets upon manager approval. (Sometimes
pets have to stay in a travel kennel).
152 San Felipe Rd., Hollister, CA
Phone: (408) 637-1641
de San Juan
311 3rd. St., San Juan Bautista, CA
Phone: (408) 623-4030
Golf and Country Club
3800 Airline Hwy., Hollister, CA
Phone: (408) 637-8151
Highway 156, San Juan Bautista, CA
Phone: (408) 623-4380
San Benito Inn
660 San Felipe Rd., Hollister, CA
your pet flies with you, check with the airline
about layovers. Long layovers can be extremely
stressful for your pet and should be avoided.
And be sure to retrieve your pet quickly after
Don't feed your dog just prior to traveling. This
will help avoid motion sickness.
When flying, traveling by train, or traveling
to another country, be sure to check pet policies.
Health certificates, obtainable from your veterinarian,
are required for most commercial travel.
Exercise Is Essential
Routine exercise is important for your dog and
it should be an important part of your basic health
plan. In addition to helping to prevent obesity
and poor muscle development, regular exercise
maintains vigor in your pet. Provide exercise
daily by walking or jogging with your dog, or
by making sure your dog has play activity. When
exercising, it's important to keep his physical
condition in mind, especially if your dog is overweight.
Common First Aid
Knowing how to respond in an emergency situation
can save your pet's life. Following are some first
aid basics; however, it's always wise to consult
your veterinarian if an injury has occurred:
Minor cuts should be cleaned with antiseptic soap
and water, then apply antiseptic medication and
bandages. More severe cuts may require stitches.
Consult your veterinarian.
Poisoning can be caused by many things, from garden
chemicals and human medicine to garbage. Symptoms
may include retching, trembling, pain, vomiting
and convulsions. If you know what your pet has
ingested take the substance and some vomitus,
if he has thrown up, along with your dog to the
veterinarian. Finally, keep your veterinarian's
phone number readily at hand and, whenever possible,
call before bringing your pet in.
You Can Help Homeless Pets!
Save symbols from these quality pet food brands.
They're worth cash to your local animal shelter!
For more information, and to get a brochure/envelope,
stop by the Hollister Animal Shelter at 375 Fifth
St., Hollister, CA 95023.
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